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Nobel Prize 2023 has emerged as a watershed moment, with women shining brightly on the global stage. In this article, we explore into the remarkable achievements of female laureates who have taken center stage, showcasing their outstanding contributions and breaking down barriers in fields ranging from economics to peace. Join us as we celebrate the extraordinary women who are dominating the Nobel Prizes in 2023, and explore the profound impact their work has on our world.
Nobel Prize 2023: Economic Sciences
In the realm of economic sciences, the spotlight for the Nobel Prizes in 2023 shines brightly on Claudia Goldin, the Henry Lee Professor of Economics at Harvard University. Her extensive career has seen her lead the NBER’s Development of the American Economy program from 1989 to 2017 and co-direct the NBER’s Gender in the Economy group.
Goldin’s expertise as an economic historian and labor economist encompasses a diverse range of topics. Her research delves into the female labor force, the gender pay gap, income inequality, technological advancements, education, and immigration. What sets her work apart is her unique perspective, which often interprets contemporary issues through the lens of history, exploring the roots of present-day concerns. Her most recent publication, “Career & Family: Women’s Century-Long Journey toward Equity,” published by Princeton University Press in 2021, is a testament to her dedication to understanding and addressing gender disparities in the workforce.
Birth of First Child
One of Goldin’s groundbreaking contributions to economic sciences revolves around her exploration of the evolving gender pay gap. Historically, differences in education and occupational choices were significant factors in explaining this gap. However, Goldin’s research has unveiled a new dimension. She has shown that, in today’s world, the most substantial earnings disparity exists between men and women within the same occupations, and it often emerges following the birth of a woman’s first child.
Goldin’s ability to meticulously examine historical data and uncover fresh insights has been instrumental in reshaping our understanding of labor markets and gender dynamics. Her research has shed light on the challenges women face in the workforce due to societal expectations tied to marriage and family responsibilities.
Furthermore, her findings have transcended national borders, resonating with similar patterns observed in many countries worldwide. Goldin’s work serves as a timeless reference, offering valuable insights into labor markets both past and present.
Despite societal modernization and increased female workforce participation in the 20th century, the earnings gap between men and women remained stubbornly wide for a long time. Claudia Goldin attributes part of this persistence to early educational decisions, which lay the foundation for lifelong career opportunities. If young women’s aspirations are influenced by the experiences of previous generations, such as mothers who postponed their careers until their children were grown, progress toward gender equity is slow.
Over the 20th century, women’s educational attainment surged, often surpassing that of men in many high-income countries. Claudia Goldin, the 2023 Nobel laureate in economic sciences, has demonstrated that the availability of contraceptive options, particularly the contraceptive pill, played a pivotal role in accelerating this educational revolution, empowering women to make more informed career choices.
One of Goldin’s remarkable findings is the U-shaped curve that characterizes female labor force participation over a 200-year period. The transition from agrarian to industrial societies in the early 19th century led to a decline in married women’s participation in the workforce. However, this trend reversed with the rise of the service sector in the early 20th century. Goldin attributes this shift to evolving societal norms and structural changes that altered women’s roles within the home and family.
In conclusion, Claudia Goldin’s groundbreaking research has transformed our understanding of gender disparities in economic sciences. Her work not only highlights the challenges women face in the workforce but also offers a roadmap for a more equitable future. Her contributions extend far beyond national boundaries, resonating with global audiences and providing invaluable insights into the dynamics of labor markets throughout history and into the future.
Nobel Prize 2023: Peace
Fight Against the Oppression of Women
The recipient of the 2023 Nobel Peace Prize, Narges Mohammadi, stands as a symbol of unwavering dedication to the cause of justice, particularly in her tireless fight against the oppression of women in Iran. Her life’s mission revolves around championing human rights and freedom for all, but her courageous struggle has come at a tremendous personal cost.
In the face of a repressive regime, Narges Mohammadi’s steadfast determination has led to her arrest an astounding 13 times, with five convictions and a staggering cumulative prison sentence of 31 years, along with the cruel punishment of 154 lashes. Shockingly, as of now, she remains incarcerated, having been imprisoned since 2015, all for her relentless pursuit of justice and freedom.
The significance of Narges Mohammadi’s Nobel Peace Prize extends far beyond her individual sacrifice. Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, aptly emphasized its broader impact, expressing hope that this award serves as an inspiration to women worldwide who grapple with systematic discrimination and segregation in their home countries.
Woman – Life – Freedom
The story of Narges Mohammadi intersects with a pivotal moment in Iran’s history. In September 2022, a tragic event shook the nation’s conscience when Mahsa Jina Amini, a young Kurdish woman, lost her life while in the custody of the Iranian morality police. Her death sparked the largest political demonstrations against Iran’s theocratic regime since its inception in 1979. Under the powerful rallying cry of “Woman – Life – Freedom,” hundreds of thousands of Iranians took to the streets in peaceful protest against the regime’s brutal oppression of women.
However, the regime responded with brutal force, resulting in the tragic loss of more than 500 lives, with thousands injured, including many who were blinded by rubber bullets fired by the police. An astonishing 20,000 people found themselves arrested and held in regime custody.
The motto adopted by these demonstrators, “Zan – Zendegi – Azadi” or “Woman – Life – Freedom,” briefly encapsulates Narges Mohammadi’s life’s work and dedication.
She tirelessly battles against the systemic discrimination and oppression that women face.
She advocates for women’s right to lead dignified and fulfilling lives, a struggle that, in Iran, has been met with persecution, imprisonment, torture, and even death.
She fights passionately for freedom of expression, independence, and against oppressive rules that force women to remain hidden and veiled. The demands for freedom voiced by these demonstrators extend not only to women but to the entire population.
Life Struggle of Narges
Narges Mohammadi’s journey began in the 1990s when she was a young physics student. Even then, she distinguished herself as a fierce advocate for equality and women’s rights. Following her studies, she pursued a career as an engineer and became a columnist in reform-minded newspapers. In 2003, she became involved with the Defenders of Human Rights Center in Tehran, an organization founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi. In 2011, Ms. Mohammadi faced her first arrest, the beginning of a long struggle during which she dedicated herself to assisting incarcerated activists and their families.
In honoring Narges Mohammadi with the Nobel Peace Prize in 2023, the world acknowledges her unwavering commitment to justice, equality, and human rights, even in the face of profound personal sacrifices. Her story stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of those who strive for a more just and free world.
You can read complete list of winners of Nobel Prize 2023 along with their contribution on the official website : All Nobel Prize 2023